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Bob Thompson (1937-1966)


1 of 5

Oh Lawd, 1962
gouache on paper
21 1/4" x 18", signed and dated
 

Tribute to an American Indian, 1963
oil on canvas
63" x 87", signed and dated

 

Augustus, 1963
gouache on pre-printed catalogue page
12" x 17 3/4"
 

Untitled [MR121], c.1964
oil on wood panel
7" x 8 3/4", signed
 

The Struggle, 1963
oil on canvas
58 x 78 inches, signed and dated


Exhibitions


New & Noteworthy

ArtNews, May 2012

by Mona Molarsky

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The Brooklyn Rail, December 2005

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New York Daily News, November 11, 2005

by Celia McGee

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Apollo Magazine, March 2005

by Susannah Wollmer

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New York Magazine, February 21, 2005

edited by Karen Rosenberg

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The New York Times, January 21, 2005

by Grace Glueck

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Prints & Publications


Artist Information

“My aim is to project images that seem vital to me . . . images . . . that seem to have meaning in terms of feeling.”[1]

Robert Louis (Bob) Thompson was born in 1937, in Louisville, Kentucky to middle-class parents who owned a small restaurant. When Thompson was less than a year old, his family moved to Elizabethtown, where his father opened a dry-cleaning business. Thompson grew up very close to his father, who was killed suddenly in a car accident when the artist was thirteen. Soon after, Thompson contracted mumps, which led to encephalitis, which in turn put him in a coma for three days. Although he recovered, Thompson was left with severe headaches for several years afterwards. He completed high school in Louisville, living with his sister and her husband, graduated in 1955, and enrolled in Boston University to study medicine. However, Thompson left Boston and transferred into the art program at the University of Louisville, where Robert Gwathmey was a graduate student in fine art.[2]

Thompson spent the summer of 1958 in Provincetown, Massachusetts, where he befriended a group of artists including Emilio Cruz and Gandy Brodie. These artists, as Peter Schjeldahl writes, “embraced a peculiar vision of art history. . . . The Provincetown look was an esthetically conservative, emotionally insurgent revival of late-19th-century, Gauguin-esque Symbolism. Its matter and manner announced the artists as a community of untrammeled, funky seers who all but breathed paint. Fanciful but not fatuous in imagery, its best products recall a famous statement of Maurice Denis in 1890: ‘Remember that a picture—before being a battle horse, a nude woman, or some anecdote—is essentially a plane surface coated with colors assembled in a certain order.’”[3] At the end of the summer, Thompson returned to Louisville, but soon left for good and headed to New York, eventually settling into a decaying tenement building on the Lower East Side, not far from where Benny Andrews lived at the same time.

In New York, Thompson quickly arrived at his mature style: a reworking of the compositions of European Masters into abstracted forms, which he painted in threatening and seductive tones that were often either hot and violent or deep and dark. Thompson seized on the dynamism of these classical scenes, transforming them into contemporary allegorical nightmares. In these paintings as well as what he called his “original” compositions, Thompson developed his own symbolic lexicon, which featured monstrous creatures emerging from the shadows, as well as birds, horses, and hats. He created these works in sizes that ranged from the monumental scale of abstract expressionism to the intimacy of predella panels. Bold, emotional, visceral, but also disciplined,

Thompson’s paintings impressed artists and collectors alike. In less than a year after his arrival to the city, the audacious young painter had an exhibition at the Delancey Street Museum, followed by a two-person show at Zabriskie Gallery. A grant from the Walter Gutman Foundation in 1961 enabled him to travel to Europe, where he lived in low-rent artists’ housing. In 1962, a grant from the Whitney Opportunity Fellowship gave him the funds to leave Paris for Ibiza. Thompson’s trip to Europe afforded him the opportunity to study first-hand the masterworks that formed the traditional art historical canon. In Paris, he visited the Louvre almost daily to sketch.[4]

Thompson returned to New York in 1963, renting an apartment on the Lower East Side, not far from the studio of friend and fellow artist Lester Johnson, who helped Thompson get a one-man show at Martha Jackson’s gallery that same year. The show received favorable reviews, and, as Judith Wilson writes, “in rapid succession, mainstream art-world doors began opening to the twenty-six-year-old artist.”[5] In 1964, he had solo exhibitions at the Richard Gray Gallery in Chicago and at Paula Cooper’s gallery in New York, after which Joseph Hirshhorn purchased a number of his paintings. Thompson had a second exhibition with Martha Jackson in 1965 but left New York at the height of his success and spent the summer in Provincetown. In 1966, he went to Rome, where he died shortly after a gall bladder surgery, most likely due to complications from his long-term, severe heroin addiction. In a brief life that included only eight years of painting, Thompson left a complex body of work that has proven to be of great significance and influence to successive generations of artists and art historians.[6]

Thompson’s work is included in museum collections nation-wide, and in 1998, the Whitney Museum of American Art organized a major traveling retrospective exhibition, featuring over one hundred of Thompson’s paintings and accompanied by a catalogue. Michael Rosenfeld Gallery is the exclusive representative of the Estate of Bob Thompson, and since 1996 the gallery has presented three solo exhibitions, publishing catalogues for each.


[1] Bob Thompson, quoted in Judith Wilson, “Garden of Music: The Art and Life of Bob Thompson,” Bob Thompson, exh. cat. (New York: Whitney Museum of America Art, 1999), 37.

[2] Wilson, 29-38.

[3] Peter Schjeldahl, “Touching Thompson,” Village Voice column reprinted on Artnet.com. http://www.artnet.com/magazine_pre2000/features/schjeldahl/schjeldahl10-19-98.asp. Accessed January 2012.

[4] Wilson, 46-65.

[5] Wilson, 65.

[6] Wilson, 60-68.

 

SELECTED MUSEUM COLLECTIONS

Arkansas Arts Center, Little Rock, AR
Armand Hammer Museum of Art and Cultural Center, University of California, Los Angeles, CA
Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
Birmingham Museum of Art, Birmingham, AL
Brooklyn Museum of Art, Brooklyn, NY
California African American Museum, Los Angeles, CA
Chrysler Museum of Art, Norfolk, VA
Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art, Bentonville, AR
Colby College Museum of Art, Waterville, ME
Dayton Art Institute, Dayton, OH
Denver Art Museum, Denver, CO
Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, MI
Greenville County Museum of Art, Greenville, SC
Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY
Herter Art Gallery, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, DC
Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis, IN
LaJolla Museum of Art, LaJolla, CA
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis, MN
Mint Museum of Art, Charlotte, NC
Munson-Williams-Proctor Institute, Museum of Art, Utica, NY
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA
The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
Museum of the National Center of Afro American Artists, Boston, MA
Nasher Museum of Art, Duke University, Durham, NC
National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
New Jersey State Museum, Trenton, NJ
New Orleans Museum of Art, New Orleans, LA
The Newark Museum, Newark, NJ
Norton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach, FL
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, PA
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
The Smart Museum of Art, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL
Smithsonian Museum of American Art, Washington, DC
The Speed Art Museum, Louisville, Kentucky 
The Studio Museum in Harlem, New York, NY
University Art Museum, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA
University of Louisville, Louisville, KY
Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, Hartford, CT
Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY

1958
Arts in Louisville Gallery, Louisville, KY

1960   
Bob Thompson, Delancey Street Museum, New York, NY

1961   
Recent Paintings, Superior Street Gallery, Chicago, IL

1963   
Bob Thompson, The Drawing Shop, New York, NY
Bob Thompson, Martha Jackson Gallery, New York, NY
El Cosario Gallery, Ibiza, Spain

1964   
Painting and Drawings, Richard Gray Gallery, Chicago, IL; 1965
Bob Thompson: Gouaches, Paula Johnson (Cooper) Gallery, New York, NY

1965   
East End Gallery, Provincetown, MA
Bob Thompson: Paintings, Donald Morris Gallery, Detroit, MI; 1970
Bob Thompson: New Paintings, Martha Jackson Gallery, New York, NY

1968
Bob Thompson: Important Works in New York Collections, Martha Jackson Gallery, New York, NY

1969
Bob Thompson: A Retrospective Exhibition, New School Art Center, New School for Social Research, New   York, NY

1970
Paintings 1959-1966, Donald Morris Gallery, Detroit, MI

1971   
Bob Thompson 1937-1966: Memorial Exhibition, J.B. Speed Art Museum, Louisville, KY

1974
Bob Thompson, University Art Gallery, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA

1975
Bob Thompson, National Collection of Fine Arts, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC
Bob Thompson: Selected Works on Paper 1960–1966, Martha Jackson Gallery, New York, NY

1976
Bob Thompson 1937-66: A Tribute, Martha Jackson Gallery, New York, NY

1978
The World of Bob Thompson, The Studio Museum in Harlem, New York, NY

1983
Bob Thompson 1937-1966: Major Works of the 60s, Vanderwoude-Tananbaum Gallery, New York, NY;  1986, 88, 90, 91

1986
Matrix 90, Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, CT

1987
Bob Thompson, Jamaica Arts Center, Jamaica, NY
Bomhard Theater, Louisville, KY

1990
Bob Thompson:, Vanderwoude Tananbaum Gallery, New York, NY

1991
Bob Thompson: Paintings, Vanderwoude Tananbaum Gallery, New York, NY

1997
Bob Thompson: Heroes, Martyrs, and Spectres, Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York, NY

1998
Bob Thompson: Fantastic Visions, Paintings & Drawings, Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York,  NY
Bob Thompson, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY; Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, MI
Bob Thompson, Martha Henry, Inc. Fine Art, New York, NY

1999
Bob Thompson, G.R. N’Namdi Gallery, Birmingham, MI

2005
Bob Thompson: Meteor in a Black Hat, Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York, NY; Haggerty Museum of  Art, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI

2012
Seeking Bob Thompson: Dialogue/Object, Hite Art Institute, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY
 

1958
First 1958 Show, Provincetown Art Festival, Provincetown, MA
Second 1958 Show, Provincetown Art Association, Provincetown, MA
American Art of Our Time, Provincetown Arts Festival, Provincetown, MA
Drawings, City Gallery, New York, NY
1958 Louisville Art Center Annual, J.B. Speed Art Museum, Louisville, KY

1959
Bob Thompson/Lester Johnson/Jay Milder, Ellison Gallery, Fort Worth, TX

1960
Jay Milder and Bob Thompson, Delancey Street Museum, New York NY
Jay Milder and Bob Thompson, Zabriskie Gallery, New York, NY
The Figure in Contemporary American Painting, organized by the American Federation of Arts, New York, NY; Sheldon Swope Art Gallery, Terre Haute, IN; Springfield Art Museum, Springfield, MO; Hollins College, Hollins, VA; State University of New York, Oswego, NY; Coe College, Cedar Rapids, IA; Winston-Salem Public Library, Winston-Salem, North Carolina; Museum of New Mexico, Santa Fe, NM; Tyler School of Fine Art, Philadelphia, PA; J.B. Speed Art Museum, Louisville, Kentucky
The Horace Richter Collection: Contemporary American Painting and Sculpture, Mint Museum of Art,  Charlotte, NC

1962
SOS Glacerie, Paris, France
Friendly Art Store, New York, NY

1963
Moods of Light, Cranbrook Academy of Art, Bloomfield Hills, MI

1964
Exhibition of Paintings: Peter Passuntino/Bob Thompson, City Gallery, New York, NY
Looking Back 1964-1949, Martha Jackson Gallery, New York, NY
International Selection 1964-1965, Dayton Art Institute, Dayton, OH
…Some Negro Artists, Art Gallery, Fairleigh-Dickinson University, Rutherford, NJ
Seven Painters, Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, CT
Christmas Exhibition, Martha Jackson Gallery, New York, NY
Circulation Library Exhibition, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
The Bird in Art, The Audubon Society, New York, NY; The University of Arizona Art Gallery, Tucson, AZ
Cruz, Cox, Overstreet, Thompson, White, Whitten: Paintings, Antiquities, New York, NY
CORE (Congress of Racial Equality) Show, Martha Jackson Gallery, New York, NY

1965
Figuration, Martha Jackson Gallery, New York, NY
Portraits in the American Art World, The New School, New York, NY
Second 1965 Show, Provincetown Art Association, Provincetown, MA
A Survey of Contemporary Art, J.B. Speed Museum Louisville, KY
Collector’s Choice, South Bend Art Center, South Bend, IL
Sixth Annual Festival, Temple Emanuel, Yonkers, NY
CORE (Congress of Racial Equality) Show, New York, NY

1966
New Figuration, Champlain Gallery, Harper College, SUNY, Binghamton, NY
The Negro in American Art, California Arts Commission, University of California, Davis, CA; Fine Arts Gallery, San Diego, CA; The Oakland Art Museum, Oakland, CA; Dickson Art Center, University of California, Los Angeles, CA
43 Artists from 18 Nations, The Brooklyn Center, Long Island University, Brooklyn, NY
The Harry N. Abrams Family Collection, The Jewish Museum, New York, NY

1967
Christmas Exhibition, Martha Jackson Gallery, New York, NY
Friends of Bob Thompson Present a Group Memorial Exhibit, St. Mark’s Gallery, New York, NY

1968
The Humanist Tradition in Contemporary Painting, New School for Social Research, New York, NY
Benson Gallery, Bridgehampton, New York

1969
Afro-American Artists Since 1950, Brooklyn College, Brooklyn, NY
Ten Afro-Americans, Dwight Art Memorial, Mt. Holyoke College, Holyoke, MA
The Tenants of Sam Wapnowitz, Star Tuttle Gallery, New York, NY

1970
Rembrandt Lamp Black: Afro-American Artists New York and Boston, Museum of the National Center of Afro- American Artists; The Museum of Fine Arts; The School of the Museum of Fine Arts Boston, Boston, MA
Dimensions of Black, La Jolla Museum of Art, LaJolla, CA
Untitled I, Art Lending Service, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY

1971
Rebuttal to Whitney Museum Exhibition, Acts of Art Gallery, New York, NY
8 artistes afro-americains, Musée Rath, Geneva, Switzerland
The Martha Jackson Collection, Seibu Department Store, Tokyo, Japan

1972
Concept & Content: Cage, Thompson and Tapies, Martha Jackson Gallery, New York, NY

1973
The Private Collection of Martha Jackson, University of Maryland Art Gallery, College Park, MD, Finch College Museum of Art, New York, NY; Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY

1977
Provincetown Painters: 1890s-1970s, Everson Museum of Art, Syracuse, NY
Perceptions of the Spirit in Twentieth Century American Art, Indianapolis Museum of Art and Graduate
Theological Union of Berkeley University Art Museum, Berkeley, CA, Marion Koogler McNay Art Institute, San Antonio, TX; Columbus Gallery of Fine Arts, Columbus, OH

1980
American Figurative Painting 1950-1980, Chrysler Museum, Norfolk, VA

1981
Image: Self Image, Pace University Art Gallery, New York, NY
The Sun Gallery, Provincetown Art Association and Museum, Provincetown, MA

1983
Celebrating Contemporary American Black Artists, Fine Arts Museum of Long Island, Hempstead, NY

1984
Underknown: 12 Artists Re-seen in 1984, Institute for Art and Urban Resources (P.S. 1), Long Island City,    NY
The Figure in 20th Century American Art: Selections from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY; The American Federation of Art, New York, NY

1985
Sam Gilliam & Bob Thompson, Miami-Dade Community College, Miami, FL
Martha Jackson Memorial Collection, National Museum of American Art, Washington, DC
Expressionism: An American Beginning, Provincetown Art Association and Museum, Provincetown, MA
The Gathering of the Avant-Garde: Lower East Side, Kenkeleba House, New York, NY

1986
Fetishes, Figures & Fantasies, Kenkeleba House, New York, NY
Kind of Blue: Benny Andrews, Emilio Cruz, Earle Pilgrim, Bob Thompson, Provincetown Art Association and Museum, Provincetown, MA

1987
The Banks Family Collection, California Afro-American Museum, Los Angeles, CA
Image to Abstraction - The 50s, Luise Ross Gallery, New York, NY

1988
Works by Artists Who Are Black, Arkansas Arts Center, Little Rock, AK
The Figurative Fifties, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, PA; Newport Harbor Art    Museum, Newport Beach, CA

1989
Figurative Work of the 50s and 60s, Vanderwoude-Tannanbaum Gallery, New York, NY
Don’t You Know By Now, Philippe Briet Gallery, New York, NY
Ruth S. Schaffner Collection, University Art Museum, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA

1990
Novae: William H. Johnson and Bob Thompson, California Afro-American Museum, Los Angeles, CA;  Castellani Art Museum, Niagara University, NY; Montgomery Museum of Art, Montgomery, AL;    Akron Art Museum, Akron, OH
Comparisons: An Exercise in Looking, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institute,
Washington, DC

1991
African American Artists of the Harlem Renaissance Period and later…, Sacks Fine Art Inc., New York, NY

1992
Color as a Subject, The Artists’ Museum, New York, NY
Paris Connections, Bomani Gallery, San Francisco, CA

1993
Free Within Ourselves, National Museum of American Art, Smithsonian Institute, Washington, DC; IBM    Gallery of Science and Art, New York, NY
Two Painters/Two Decades: Jan Muller and Bob Thompson, Vanderwoude-Tananbaum Gallery, New York, NY
Diversity and Style: African American Artists, The University of Michigan, Dearborn, MI

1994
African-American Art: 20th Century Masterworks, Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York, NY
Empowerment: The Art of African American Artists, Krasdale Gallery, White Plains, NY

1995
African-American Art: 20th Century Masterworks II, Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York, NY; Long
Beach Museum of Art, Long Beach, CA
Selected Pieces from the Permanent Collection, California African American Museum, Los Angeles, CA

1996
African-American Art: 20th Century Masterworks III, Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York, NY
Collecting African-American Expressions, Carver Federal Savings Bank, New York, NY
The Walter O. Evans Collection of African-American Art, Hofstra Museum, Hempstead, NY
The Elegance of Memory, Skoto Gallery, New York, NY

1997
African-American Art: 20th Century Masterworks IV, Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York, NY; Fisk University Galleries, Nashville, TN
Facets of the Figure: A Spectrum of 20th Century American Art, Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York, NY

1998
African-American Art: 20th Century Masterworks, V, Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York, NY; Newcomb Art Gallery, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA
Fifty Years of American Drawings, Danese Gallery, New York, NY
Twentieth Century American Drawings: From the Arkansas Arts Center Foundation Collection, Arkansas    Arts Center, Arkansas, AK; Sunrise Museum, Charleston, WV; Philharmonic Center for the Arts, Naples, FL; Fort Wayne Museum of Art, Fort Wayne, IN; Knoxville Museum of Art, Knoxville, TN; Boise Art Museum, Boise, ID
Art by African-Americans, New Jersey State Museum, Trenton, NJ

1999
The American Century: Art and Culture 1900-2000, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
African-American Art: 20th Century Masterworks, VI, Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York, NY; Flint Institute of Art, Flint, MI

2000
Bob Thompson and Jan Muller, Lori Bookstein Fine Art, New York, NY
African-American Art: 20th Century Masterworks, VII, Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York, NY;
Appleton Museum of Art, Florida State University and Central Florida Community College, Ocala, FL
Michael Rosenfeld Gallery: The First Decade, Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York, NY
The Figure, Another Side of Modernism,  Newhouse Center for Contemporary Art at Snug Harbor Cultural  Center, Staten Island, NY
Twentieth-Century American Art: The Ebsworth Collection, National Gallery of Art, Washington DC;    Seattle Art Museum, Seattle, WA
Search for the Unicorn, Lori Bookstein Fine Art, New York, NY

2001
Jazz and Visual Improvisation, Katonah Art Museum, Katonah, NY
African-American Art: 20th Century Masterworks, VIII, Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York, NY; Texas
Southern University Museum, Houston, TX
Out of the Fifties–Into the Sixties: Six Figurative Expressionists, Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York, NY

2002
Modernism & Abstraction: Treasures from the Smithsonian American Art Museum, National Academy of
Design, New York, NY
African-American Art: 20th Century Masterworks, IX, Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York, NY; Tubman
African American Museum, Macon, GA

2003
African-American Art: 20th Century Masterworks, X, Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York, NY
A Century of Collecting: African American Art in the Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL

2004
Embracing the Muse: Africa and African American Art, Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York, NY
Smart Collecting: Acquisitions 1990-2004, The Smart Museum, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL

2005
Syncopated Rhythms: 20th Century African American Art from the George and Joyce Wein Collection,    Boston University Art Gallery, Boston, MA
Eye Contact: Painting and Drawing in American Art, Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York, NY

2006
Recent Acquisitions: Bob Thompson and Viktor Schreckengost, Smithsonian Archives of American Art, New York, NY

2007
Crossing the Line: African American Artists in the Jacqueline Bradley and Clarence Otis, Jr. Collection, The George D. and Harriet W. Cornell Fine Arts Museum, Rollins College, Winter Park, FL
Body Beware: 18 American Artists, Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York, NY
Figuratively Speaking, ACME Fine Art, Boston, MA

2008
African American Art:  200 Years, Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, LLC, New York, NY
A Thousand Kisses:  Love Letters from the Archives of American Art, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.

2009
Larry and Brenda Thompson Collection, David C. Driskell Center, University of Maryland, College Park, MD
Il Secolo del Jazz: Arte, Cinema, Musica e Fotografia da Picasso a Basquiat (The Jazz Century: Art, Cinema, Music and Photography from Picasso to Basquiat), Museo di Arte Moderna e Contemporanea, Rovereto, Italy; Museé du quai Branly, Paris, France; Centre de Cultura Contemporània, Barcelona, Spain
Collecting African American Art, The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX
After Image, Paula Cooper Gallery, New York, NY

2010
Richard & Mary Gray Collection, Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL

2011
Building the Contemporary Collection: Five Years of Acquisitions, Nasher Museum of Art, Duke University, Durham, NC

2012
African American Art in the 20th Century, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, DC
Tides of Provincetown: Pivotal Years in America’s Oldest Continuous Art Colony (1899-2011), The New Britain Museum of American Art, New Britain, CT; Westmoreland Museum of American Art, Greensburg, PA; Cape Code Museum of Art, Dennis, MA
Group Shoe, Gavin Brown's enterprise, New York, NY
Tradition Redefined: The Larry and Brenda Thompson Collection of African American Art, Rice University Art Gallery, Houston, TX
Blues for Smoke, The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, CA; Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY; Wexner Center for the Arts, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH
INsite/INchelsea: The Inaugural Exhibition, Michael Rosenfeld Gallery LLC, New York, NY
Ashé to Amen: African-Americans and Biblical Imagery, Museum of Biblical Art, New York, NY; Reginald F. Lewis Museum of Maryland African American History & Culture; Dixon Gallery & Gardens, Memphis, TN

2014
Face Value: Portraiture in the Age of Abstraction, National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC
Witness:  Art and Civil Rights in The Sixties, Brooklyn Museum of Art, Brooklyn, NY; Hood Museum of Art, Hanover, NH; The Blanton Museum of Art, Austin, TX
Shaping a Collection: Five Decades of Gifts, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY