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Alfred Leslie (1927–2023)

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Hoboken Collage, 1953-54 collage and oil on paper...

Hoboken Collage, 1953-54
collage and oil on paper mounted to board
48" x 44", signed and dated

Vase of Flowers, 1954 oil on paper mounted on boar...

Vase of Flowers, 1954

oil on paper mounted on board

14" x 11" 


Untitled, 1955 oil on paper mounted on board 48&qu...
Untitled, 1955
oil on paper mounted on board
48" x 41" 
signed and dated
Kurtz's Station, 1956 oil on canvas with paper...

Kurtz's Station, 1956
oil on canvas with paper collage
54 x 61 1/2 inches / 137.2 x 156.2 cm

Untitled, 1963 oil, ink, wax, and paper collage on...

Untitled, 1963
oil, ink, wax, and paper collage on paper
24" x 18", signed and dated


Prints & Publications

Artist Information

“To most people, reality is a confirmation of their expectation.  Art can present an alternative to what people think they see or to what they expect to see.” *

Although he may be better known for his larger-than-life-sized, grisaille, figural paintings, Alfred Leslie spent the 1950s working in an abstract expressionist vein, creating paintings of explosive color as well as small-scale abstract works on paper. Leslie was born in 1927 to German-Jewish immigrant parents and raised in the Bronx. He developed an early interest in multiple forms of visual art—drawing, sculpting, taking and developing photographs, and shooting film all before the age of fifteen. During World War II, Leslie joined the United States Coast Guard, and in 1947, he used funding from the GI Bill to attend classes at the Art Students League and at New York University where, from 1947 to 1949, he studied with William Baziotes and Tony Smith, among others. In 1949, Clement Greenberg selected Leslie’s work for inclusion in his New Talent exhibition at the Kootz Gallery. At the same time, MoMA held a screening of Leslie’s third film, Directions: A Walk after the War Games.

During the 1950s, Leslie’s studio became an important meeting place for New York artists, and Leslie was also a regular presence in the world of abstract expressionism, frequenting the Cedar Bar and participating in the 1951 Ninth Street Show. His work of the 1950s included collages and paintings—bold rectangles and squares of color that filled the canvas or paper, competing for space, clashing and complementing one another. Leslie met with great success, and his work was shown widely in New York—at MoMA, the Jewish Museum, and the Whitney—and abroad, particularly in Tokyo and Paris. Not content to limit himself to one mode of expression, Leslie continued to make films, including Pull My Daisy (1959), which featured Allen Ginsburg and Jack Kerouac. In 1960, he published The Hasty Papers, a collection of artwork, poetry, and philosophy with contributions by Ginsberg, Kerouac, and Jean-Paul Sartre, among others. That same year, Leslie’s work was included in several major exhibitions including the São Paulo Biennale in Brazil and Sixty American Painters: Abstract Expressionist Painting of the 1950s at the Walker Art Center in Minneapolis.

Leslie was and still is considered a master of abstraction; however, in 1962, he changed paths. While most of his contemporaries had begun with figural representation and moved towards abstraction, Leslie’s work followed the opposite trajectory. After fifteen years of acclaimed abstract painting, he began creating large-scale nudes and other figural images, often in grisaille or a severely restricted color palette. Unfortunately, a massive studio fire in 1966 destroyed the majority of these works along with many of the master prints of his films. That same year, Frank O’Hara, a poet and good friend of Leslie’s, was killed by a Jeep on Fire Island, which prompted Leslie to create The Killing Cycle (1967), a collection of five large canvases and numerous studies depicting O’Hara’s death.

In the 1970s and 1980s, Leslie’s abstract and realist works were included in numerous retrospective and contemporary exhibitions. Although his talent is undisputed in both art forms, the tendency of art history to segregate these two modes of artistic representation has at times adversely affected interpretations of his art. Leslie continues to work, and in 2002, he released a feature-length film about the New York School, The Cedar Bar.

* Alfred Leslie quoted by Donald Goddard, “Alfred Leslie: 1951-1962: Expressing the Zeitgeist,” (accessed February 2009).